Congrats on selecting a career which gives you a chance to help people in time of need. To become a police officer in India, you need to clear the IPS (Indian Police Services) exam which is held by Union public service commission (UPSC) every year. It is a very competitive exam with more than 3,50,000 candidates taking up the examination out of which under 200 are finally selected. So be prepared to work hard if you want to get selected.
Educational and age requirement
The candidate should be a citizen of India/ Nepal/ Bhutan and a graduate in any disciple to apply. He should be between the age of 21 – 30 years but the age is relaxed by 5 years for certain category (SC/ST) candidates.
Height – Male 165 cm & ST (not the SC/ OBC) – 160 cm
Female 150 cm & ST (not SC/ OBC)- 145 cm
Chest – Male Minimum 84 cm. Expansion 5 cm.
Female Min 79 cm expansion 5 cm.
Eye sight – 6/6 or 6/9 distant vision for good eye.
6/12 or 6/9 for worst eye. Near vision J 1 for good eye. J2 for worst eye.
1. The exam consist of two parts. A preliminary (prelims) exam is held as a first level. This prelims exam consist of two papers – general studies and an optional subject. It is a multiple choice question exam and is used just for selecting candidates for the next level of exam (main exam). The marks from prelims are not added while preparing the final result.
2. Once the candidate clear the prelims exam, they have to sit for the main exam. There is a list of subjects out of which two are compulsory and two are optional. Candidate can select any optional subject irrespective of the subject in which they hold a degree. This exam is very comprehensive and the candidate has to answer essay type questions.
3. Once the candidate have cleared the main exam, they are called for a personal interview round. It consist of around 45 mins interview with the board in which they try to see candidate fit for the post.
4. After the interview, marks from the main exam and interview are added and a final selection list is prepared which is called the merit list.
The selected candidates are then sent for a rigorous training in Missouri which lasts for almost 1 year. They are trained in Indian penal codes, special laws, criminology etc. The officers also have to undergo physical training while they are trained in theoretical subjects.
Once the new officers complete their training, they are allotted cadres. The cadre system assign a state to each officer where he has to work. Being a central service, candidate can get a cadre from a different state than which they belong too. The trained officer are posted as Additional Superintendent of Police (ASP) which is a Class 1 position. Most of the officer can expect to retire as ADGP (Addl. Director General of Police) or DGP (Director General of Police) as the promotion are mostly based on the seniority. An IPS officer can also go for deputation to central government posts.
The IPS officer salary starts at around INR 40,000/month which can go up to INR 100,000/month by the time he retires. But apart from salary they are given lot of perks which adds up. They are provided a government house in a nice locality and a government vehicle which they can also use for personal use.