Biology homework help
Chapter 2: The Chemistry of Life
Module 2.1 All life is made of molecules, which are made of atoms.
2. Fill in the table regarding the states of matter by providing an example of each that is NOT in your book.
3. Match the following terms with their correct definitions:
matter, atom, molecule, element, compound
4. Fill in the following diagram that illustrates the relationship between compounds and elements:
5. Neapolitan ice cream is vanilla, chocolate, and strawberry combined in a 1:1:1 ratio. Briefly explain how Neapolitan ice cream is a good analogy for compounds.
6. Complete the following diagram with regard to chemical reactions:
Module 2.2 All matter consists of chemical elements.
8. What elements are in the compound NaCl (table salt)?
9. Is H2O (water) an element? If not, explain your answer.
10. Where can you find all of the elements listed by atomic number?
11. Complete the following diagram of an element from the periodic table:
12. Which of the following elements make up the majority of organisms?
13. Fill in the following table regarding elements found in organisms:
|Required in large amounts||Required in small amounts||Required in tiny amounts|
|% contribution to your cells|
Module 2.3 Atoms are composed of subatomic particles.
15. An atom comprises what three smaller substances:
16. Complete the following table regarding atoms:
17. Match the following terms to the proper characteristic. Some terms may be used more than once:
Nucleus, proton, electron, neutron, electron shell, subatomic particles
18. Complete the following diagram of the atom:
19. An atom of carbon has six protons. What if you change the number of protons to seven? Is it still carbon? Explain your answer.
21. Briefly explain how you can have two atoms of carbon, yet each have a different atomic weight.
22. Atoms are considered to be electrically neutral (no overall electric charge) unless stated otherwise. If you have an ion (an atom with an electric charge), what subatomic particle has to vary? Breifly explain why.
23. Complete the following table by filling each line with the correct volume:
|Element||Atomic Number||Mass Number||Number of Protons||Number of Neutrons||Number of Electrons|
Module 2.4 Atoms are held together by chemical bonds.
24. What are the three ways in which atoms can interact with one another with respect to their electrons?
25. An attractive force that holds two atoms together is generically referred to as a(n):
27. Which of the following would be considered a covalent bond?
28. Methane is to a nonpolar covalent bond as H2O is to a(n):
29. Complete the following diagram illustrating chemical bonds:
30. Match the following terms to their definition:
Ionic bond, covalent bond, polar covalent bond, nonpolar covalent bond, hydrogen bond
31. Label the different bonds on the following diagram:
Module 2.5 The structure of water gives it unique properties.
33. Label the following diagram with the following terms:
Hydrogen bond, unequal sharing of electrons, – charge, + charge
34. Briefly explain what would happen to a large body of water (think Lake Superior) if ice didn’t float.
36. Oils are nonpolar substances (molecules formed by nonpolar covalent bonds) that do not interact with water. Explain why oils are not attracted to water, whereas a substance like NaCl (table salt) is attracted to H2O. Hint: Think of why water molecules are attracted to each other.
37. Which of the following is a unique property of water?